Prenatal Yoga (Yoga during Pregnancy) – Part3

Pregnancy Yoga for Second Trimester

Author: Pallavi Marshal, Certified Yoga Trainer, Bodhi Yoga Academy

 

Personal yoga sessions are tailored according to one’s specific needs and expectations while for a healthy risk free pregnancy, group prenatal classes are a good idea as one can bond with other would be mothers.

Second Trimester

As one enters the next trimester the energy levels go up, the body grows bigger and there is a visible baby bump. Care should be taken to avoid practicing to the point of pain or exhaustion. Swelling, cramps and dizziness are the common symptoms.

  • Warrior 1 and 2 , Supported Triangle, Chair pose
  • Balancing poses like Vrikshasana and Warrior 3 should be practised with props like wall and chair respectively
  • Chest openers like cow-face arms, Paschim-namaskar to maintain flexibility
  • Hip Openers like Modified Malasana, supported squats, Pigeon pose
  • Reclining poses like Supta Veerasana and Supta Badhkonasana with the support of bolsters

 

Benefits

The benefits of Yoga surpass the physical level and extend to the mental and spiritual level as well. Relaxed body and positive state of mind results in an overall healthy pregnancy where the mother is in tune with the changes in her body :

  • Yogasanas provide the needed flexibility and strength to the right set of muscles required for child birth.
  • Hip openers and gentle supported back bends can help ease tension and prepare the body for delivery
  • Relaxation techniques like Yoga Nidra and Meditation are beneficial in keeping depression and anxiety away
  • Pranayama increases the Prana and is great for energizing the entire body
  • Breathing techniques practised during pregnancy are also helpful when in labour
  • Regular Yoga practice can result in mindful eating and healthy weight gain
  • Improvement in the quality of sleep
  • Prenatal yoga classes are a perfect time to connect with the baby and feel its movements
  • A Stress-free healthy pregnancy reduces the chances of complications during birth and thereafter

 

Contraindications and Precautions

  • Doctor’s approval is essential before starting the practice as women with certain medical conditions and those with high risk pregnancies need to exercise caution
  • Expecting mothers should practice under the guidance of a certified yoga professional
  • Hot Yoga, Power Yoga and intense forms like Vinyasa are not recommended during pregnancy
  • Inversions, deep twists and backbends, Lying on the belly or flat on the back (second trimester onwards) are contraindicated
  • Asanas which put too much pressure on the abdomen (Boat Pose, Chaturangasana etc)
  • Kumbhaka (holding of breath) and Pranayamas which involve rapid breathing like Kapalbhati to be strictly avoided
  • Yoga should be practised in a well ventilated room
  • Staying cool and hydrated is crucial
  • Practising Yoga with awareness is fundamental but is particularly relevant to listen to the body during pregnancy

Prenatal Yoga (Yoga during Pregnancy) – Part1

 

Prenatal Yoga (Yoga during Pregnancy) – Part2

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